venezuela

Politicization and the Institutional Legitimacy of the Venezuelan Armed Forces

October 15, 2019
Canciller de Venezuela y Ofrenda Floral a Bolívar

The Venezuelan National Bolivarian Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas Nacionales Bolivarianas, FANB) are among the most politicized in the Americas. While this has helped maintain President Nicolás Maduro in power, it is damaging for both the military and citizens. Specifically, while politicization helps bolster the government’s permanence it undermines the military’s institutional legitimacy.

Who believes in conspiracy theories in Venezuela?

October 11, 2019
Elections in Venezuela

Conspiracy theories are present in politics everywhere, but they do not bode well for politics anywhere. Beliefs that political outcomes are controlled by hidden forces acting contrary to the public good are inconsistent with transparency and political efficacy. Such narratives might be a symptom of failing political institutions, but their pervasiveness might also contribute to democratic failure by fostering polarization and mutual distrust.

Transnational Identity Politics in the Americas: Reshaping ‘Nuestramerica’ as Chavismo’s Regional Legitimation Strategy

October 10, 2019
Chavismo’s Regional Legitimation Strategy

How can we understand the regional “appeal” that the Chavista project had for years, and its more recent deceleration? In this paper, we focused on the legitimation strategies of Hugo Chávez and Chavismo, the political project, movement and regime led by Chávez, his regional allies and successors, carrying out a detailed analysis of its initiatives. Beyond the specifics, we suggested that while legitimizing his political project, Chávez claimed to address the expectations of wide sectors in the Americas, whose voice he was interpreting and expressing.

A challenge to the opposition: who is Juan Guaidó?

February 7, 2019
Tensions have been surging through Venezuela as an opposition leader has risen to confront Mr. Nicolas Maduro. Controversy was suffocating Maduro because of his re-election that international leaders and citizens have established as illegitimate. Specifically, most viewed this re-election held last May as illegitimate because of a substantial amount of complaints of vote-rigging. 
 

'Venephobia' in Ecuador and throughout Latin America

February 5, 2019

Following the very public femicide of a pregnant Ecuadorian woman by her partner, a Venezuelan immigrant, violent protests have erupted among Ecuadorian citizens who are demanding a crackdown on immigration from Venezuela. After the start of the protests, Ecuador’s President Lenín Moreno announced that new measures would be considered to limit immigration and that security forces would be deployed to monitor Venezuelan immigrants. These public reactions to the murder, and Moreno’s response, have been harshly criticized by those who view them as xenophobic against innocent Venezuelans.

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