After over 50 years of guerrilla war and the recent demilitarization of the leftist FARC guerrilla group, it has seemed that the violence in Colombia finally has an end in sight. The National Liberation Army (ELN) is the last remaining guerrilla group in Colombia, and until the past few years, had been rather quiet. When the finalization of the FARC-Colombia Peace Deal was announced in 2016, ELN began orchestrating more attacks on Colombia’s infrastructure.
The Ejército de Liberación Nacional (National Liberation Army), or ELN as it is more commonly known, is one of Colombia’s two main leftist guerilla groups, and the last of the country’s three main guerilla groups in full operation. Founded in the 1960’s following a period of Colombian History known as “La Violencia” or “the violence”, the ELN was created based on Marxist ideals and liberation theology, a religious movement inspired by shifts in the Catholic church that teaches liberation from social, political, and economic.
The Colombia-FARC Peace Deal’s implementation of a peaceful, though slow transition for the FARC from a militarized regime to a Political Party has been making great strides to end the violence that plagued Colombia for over half a century.