Venezuela’s prolonged economic crisis has not slowed down. The International Monetary Fund projects an 1,000,000% inflation rate by the end of 2018 (Ellsworth). The country’s paper currency, the bolívar, has become nearly worthless while the government scrambles to implement different monetary reforms to ease inflation and reboot the economy. Despite the government’s attempts, Venezuelans have taken matters into their own hands, turning to the black market, exchanging goods and services, or using the U.S. dollar for functionality.
This article was written as part of the course “Latin American Economic Development” offered by Professor Marla Ripoll, Department of Economic, University of Pittsburgh.
The United States Treasury Secretary announced on last March that President Donald
Trump signed an executive order banning all transactions within the United States or by US
citizens that involve Venezuela’s new cryptocurrency. The petro, which was Venezuelan
president Nicolás Maduro’s plan to combat the rising hyperinflation and devaluation of the
Ecuador adopted the U.S. Dollar as its official currency in 2000, replacing the rapidly depreciating Sucre. Now, in 2014, the South American country is initiating a movement toward an entirely digital currency, which will be accessed through users’ phones and can be used in all transactions and bank operations.3