Argentina adopted the world’s first gender quota law in 1991, mandating that political parties nominate women for 30 percent of the electable positions on their candidate lists.
News and Politics
In January 2008, Costa Rican voters narrowly approved a free trade agreement with the United States via referendum.1 Three months later, legislative supporters of the agreement, representing a two-thirds majority of the country’s Legislative Assembly, brought to the floor a wheelbarrow containing more than 5,000 amendments, spanning 52,000 pages, made to the first 3 of 13 reforms the country needed to implement to be allowed into the agreement (see photo).
Those concerned with democratic accountability and the separation of powers may ask whether the Peruvian Constitutional Tribunal effectively checks other governmental actors and what determines such judicial assertiveness or its antithesis, judicial deference. In a recent article by Lydia Tiede and Aldo F.
Cuba Under Raúl Castro: Assessing the Reforms analyzes the causes and effects of the economic policy changes in recent years under the new leadership of the second Castro brother, Raúl.