Health and Society
As an emerging economy, Chile has greatly increased its GDP while making significant improvements in their Human Development Index, including reduced infant mortality and reduced malnutrition. Obesity and other dietary risk factors have replaced these traditional health issues and become the number one health concern in Chile. This phenomenon is known as the “nutrition transition,” and is a problem that often accompanies economic growth and trade liberalization due to shifts in the food market.
Dr. Elizabeth Sweet, visiting assistant professor at Temple University, led the Body and Community Mapping Workshop organized by GSPIA’s Dr. Marcela González Rivas on February 28, 2014. About 15 students from the departments of sociology, anthropology, public health, and GSPIA attended the workshop. Dr. Sweet's research has focused on internally displaced women in Colombia, trying to understand the individual and community costs of displacement and identify factors that would help in creating roots in new places or alleviate the need to relocate.
Although many families remain physically separated by the U.S.-Mexico border, some have found a different way to cross the fence. A Catholic mass held this past week allowed families to connect despite the physical barrier that lies between them.
Since the 1990s the concept of interculturalidad [interculturality] has taken hold in Latin American politics. In Ecuador, it has been a tenant of indigenous movements and NGOs in the struggle to recognize cultural diversity and eliminate socioeconomic inequalities. The current government, under President Rafael Correa, has adopted interculturalidad as a paradigm shift against the state’s neoliberal past.
In Colombia, the search for political peace by the government has been paralleled by a search for the truth by the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC). Since the peace talks between the Colombian government and guerrilla group began, the latter of these two groups has called for the formation of a truth commission.