Economy and Development
"Gobierno o individuo que entrega los recursos naturales a empresas extranjeras, traiciona a la patria." Lázaro Cárdenas, Presidente de México (1934-1940)
En un artículo que publicamos en la revista Latin American Research Review analizamos los principales cambios realizados a los formatos de negociación colectiva ensayados en Uruguay a partir de 2005, cuando asumió la presidencia Tabaré Vázquez, el candidato del Frente Amplio. Vázquez lideraría el primer gobierno de izquierda en el país.1
This October Dilma Rousseff was re-elected as Brazil’s president by the slimmest of margins. With approximately 51.4 percent of the vote she beat competitor Aécio Neves of the Social Democracy party (PSDB) who received about 48.5 percent.1 The election reveals Brazil’s clear divide amongst the population with regard to the direction of the country as evidenced by her victory speech in which she admitted that she wants to be “a much better president than I have been until now.”2
Brokers are neighborhood party operatives that gather political support for their bosses in poor areas, and networks of brokers are a key element for political machines to compete in the political arena. The Daley machine in Chicago, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in Mexico, and the Nationalist Party (KMT) in Taiwan, for example, have all developed extensive networks of brokers to permeate poor areas.
The Barbie Doll, possibly the most commonly criticized, iconic American toy is currently being kept at a historically and artificially low price by the anti-capitalist government in Venezuela, just in time for holiday shopping. What cost mothers and grandmothers up to three weeks minimum wage pay last Christmas (3500 bolivars) is now only about 250 bolivars or USD $3 using the bolivar-to-dollar black market conversion rate.