Since the end of the nineteenth century, Brazil has enjoyed international renown as a ‘racial democracy’ and a mixed-race country, due to its mixture of people of European, African and Amerindian descent. Mário de Andrade and Gilberto Freyre were amongst several intellectuals who, from the beginning of the twentieth century, started to positively assess the black and African roots of Brazil.
Art and Culture
La teoría de la hegemonía desarrollada por Ernesto Laclau constituye un aporte decisivo para el desarrollo de un pensamiento político posfundacional, aporte que está siendo crecientemente tematizado y debatido en las academias de distintas latitudes.
In most countries labeled as “developing country,” it is typical for birthrates to be extremely high, while health and education levels are low. But Cuba is an exception to the developing country rule: ever since the Castro Revolution in 1959, even with the label of “developing country,” Cuba has had extremely high levels of education and a world renowned health care system. Another aspect in which Cuba remains an outlier is their birthrate.
Hegemonic party rule in Mexico relegated Congress to the role of rubber-stamp for most of the twentieth century. The secondary role of the legislative branch was parallel with a general lack of resources and interest for citizens and scholars to track the behavior of legislators.
The lives of factory workers, who produce collegiate shirts and pants, are polar opposite from those of the students who wear the collegiate apparel. While this gap may not be shrinking, the ability for factory workers to earn living wages an hour north of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic is, and it depends on the university students buying their products.