In April of 1948, a full-page cartoon in Carteles showed a paterfamilias being asked by his daughter, “Papá, what’s a politician?” Visibly upset, he dropped his cigar and bellowed, “Young lady!
Recent events in countries like Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela highlight the extent to which social protest often serves as a vital form of political voice in contemporary Latin America. Though certainly protest is not new in the region, and enjoys a long and storied history throughout the American continent, a growing body of evidence suggests that rates of contentious participation have spiked in many countries over the past decade (e.g., Boulding 2014; LAPOP 2008-2012).
Women in Latin America are very well represented in the political sphere as compared to the U.S. In fact, Ban Ki Moon even invited the rest of the world to follow the example of the Latin American and Caribbean countries when he spoke at a conference in Santiago, Chile back in 2015.
The mayor of Bogotá Gustavo Petro, a former M19 guerrilla, was released from his post and banned from holding public office for 15 years on December 9th following an accusation of mismanagement of Colombia’s capital city.
Nos jornais ou nos palanques lá está ela sendo cobrada, ou prometida, palavra repetida como se recém-aprendida. Tão exaltada quanto popular, no Brasil a transparência é já tida como solução para muitos dos nossos problemas. Em 2011 foi aprovada a Lei de Acesso à Informação, que regulamenta a abertura dos órgãos públicos ao cidadão, e vimos o país liderar a Parceria para o Governo Aberto (OGP), uma iniciativa internacional que tem por objetivo principal justamente a promoção da transparência. Grandes avanços, sem dúvida, mas por que só agora?
Presidents want public institutions that give them ample control of bureaucracy. Conversely, members of Congress purposefully choose to place new agencies outside presidents’ control as a way of shielding those agencies from presidential influence. These claims are two well-known assumptions in the literature on agency design.
On June 1, 2014, Salvador Sanchez Ceren of the Farabundo Marti Front for National Liberation (FMLN) will assume the presidency in El Salvador. Although the FMLN has held the Salvadoran presidency since 2009 with its independent ally, Mauricio Funes, this will be the first time that a former guerrilla commander will occupy the country’s highest office.
La oleada de gobiernos de la “nueva izquierda” es uno de los rasgos más característicos del panorama político sudamericano de los últimos años. La literatura ha analizado distintos aspectos de este fenómeno, como por ejemplo el contexto de su establecimiento o las causas de su mayor o menor moderación política. Sin embargo, existe una dimensión que ha sido escasamente estudiada; nos referimos a la relación entre la nueva izquierda y las fuerzas armadas. En estas líneas se presenta concisamente un diseño de investigación para analizar tal aspecto.
In her first presidential speech in 2005, Michelle Bachelet remarked, “Who would have said…15 years ago that a woman would be elected president?”1 Yet many countries, such as the United States, have not been able to celebrate the election of a woman as head-of-state. Worldwide, representation of women in politics remains low: as of January 2015, only 22 percent of all national legislators were women.