By Ashley Brown
The Garifuna sing their pain. They sing about their concerns. They sing about what's going on. We dance when there is a death. It's a tradition [meant] to bring a little joy to the family, but every song has a different meaning. Different words. The Garifuna does not sing about love. The Garifuna sings about things that reach your heart (Serrano, 2018).
Por Madeleine Umstead
This essay was selected as a winner for the Fall 2020 Essay Competition Concurso de Escritura Panoramas.
Desde el comienzo de la década de 2010, la privatización de las semillas se ha convertido en un problema turbulento en toda América del Sur. La agricultura es un aspecto esencial de muchas comunidades indígenas y afro-latinas. Corporaciones multinacionales están perturbando este sistema para aumentar sus propios beneficios. Ha sido progreso en unos países, como Chile, pero hay demasiada inacción y negligencia en otros, como Venezuela, y Ecuador.
Twenty-three years ago, Mexico’s Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) successfully executed its famous uprising under its leader, Subcomandante Marcos, which many thought would be the first sentence on a new page in Mexican history. The revolution in Chiapas, which was intentionally planned to align with the introduction of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), seemed as if it would achieve its goal of realizing rights for indigenous people (Young 2017).
Over the past few years, Mexico’s financial landscape has been undergoing a painful transformation, largely due to the sudden drop in oil prices seen worldwide. Just ten years ago, 35 percent of the government’s revenue was derived from crude oil production. As of last year, though, this had fallen to 20 percent as prices fell and the Mexican state-owned company Pemex reduced its typical 3.4 million barrel per day (bpd) production rate to around 2.2 million bpd.