Police performance is vital in consolidated democracies, but even more so in post-transition countries where public support for the regime is not yet firmly established. In many Latin American countries, as Mark Ungar and others have pointed out, law enforcement institutions had to be reformed not only to improve the capacity of the emerging democratic states but, more importantly, to prevent a return to the oppressive practices of the authoritarian past (Ungar 2011).
In 2014, the number of children from Central America, specifically the northern triangle, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, who crossed the border of the United States illegally surged.
After a year in which over 50,000 children attempted to illegally cross into the United States, the Obama administration has asked Congress for $USD 1 billion in assistance to Central American countries included in his budget request. This figure is roughly three times what the U.S. has allocated in the past.1