Since the end of the nineteenth century, Brazil has enjoyed international renown as a ‘racial democracy’ and a mixed-race country, due to its mixture of people of European, African and Amerindian descent. Mário de Andrade and Gilberto Freyre were amongst several intellectuals who, from the beginning of the twentieth century, started to positively assess the black and African roots of Brazil.
The recent impeachment scandal occurring in Brazil stemming from President Dilma’s alleged involvement in the Lava-Jato scandal has resurrected stories from past impeachment scandals around Latin America.
During the first years of the new century, the Brazilian economy experienced an economic growth spurt, and its society became more equal than before. It was included among the most important developing economies worldwide (the "BRICS") and was often regarded as an example to be followed. Recently, however, it seems as if it had lost its way toward development.
In December 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization issued an alert warning of the zika virus infection. The virus is a mosquito-borne disease that causes a fever, headaches, conjunctivitis, etc. Its clinical manifestation is similar to the dengue fever, which is also a mosquito-borne illness.
By the end of 2012, Brazilian graduate education comprises 1,717 doctoral, 2,894 Academic Master's, and 395 Professional Master's programs. We see a basically continuous upward line regarding the number of doctoral, Master's, and Professional Master's programs. There are no breaks or shifts in this pattern that may be associated to political or institutional changes. We see no pattern breaks after 1985, when the military regime gave way to civilian governments.
Civil society has exploded in Latin America as democratization has progressed over the last 30 years. By civil society, we mean a wide range of collective groups such as social movements, community-based organizations, and “third-sector” organizations.
El profesor de Ciencia Política de la Universidad de Pittsburgh, Aníbal Pérez-Liñán, publicó recientemente un artículo en La Nación, uno de los diarios más grandes deArgentina, en el que analiza la crisis política que afecta actualmente a
In an article published in Comparative Political Studies,1 I argue that there are two kinds of national social policies: those that clearly “belong” to the national government, and those in which attribution of responsibility is much fuzzier. The difference between “clear” and “blurred” attribution of responsibility differentiates conditional cash transfers (CCTs) from social services such as healthcare.
Corruption and scandal are not new to Brazil. In fact, the current corruption scandal involving Petrobras, businessmen, and politicians is just the most recent in a country with a long history of corruption. In Brazil, corruption has become normalized. Some of the largest corruption scandals are explored here, namely scandals during the Lula and Collor presidencies.