Exultant after the results of the election for a Constituent Assembly became public, on the late night of July 30th, president Nicolás Maduro announced the end of his regime’s benevolence towards the opposition (se acabó lo que se daba), anticipating that the process of constitutional reform will provide the occasion for chavismo to settle all scores (se cobrará toda
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“Que no estamos en el paraíso,
eso es algo que se puede apreciar,
cuando veo unos botijas pidiendo,
cuando veo un bichicome pasar.
Hay quien dice ‘esto es el culo del mundo,’
hay quien dice ‘como el Uruguay no hay,’
yo he cambiado tantas veces de idea,
que al final ya no sé qué pensar.”
On July 5th, approximately a hundred Chavista activists rushed into the building of the National Assembly carrying sticks and pipes, and besieged for several hours a group of about 350 people that included national representatives, journalists, visitors and students. Five members of the assembly –the national legislative body, currently controlled by a majority of representatives of opposition parties- ended with multiple injuries.
A certain atmosphere of “rehearsal” is always present when sub-national or mid-term legislative elections take place with a new race for the national executive already in sight. The electoral dispute for diverse state-level and municipal offices, including the governorship of Mexico’s homonymous metropolitan state (Edomex), on June 4th was no exception.
Lenin Moreno’s inauguration as President of Ecuador took place at the national assembly, through a ceremony through an important extent marked by the salience of exiting president Rafael Correa’s participation. After a pause while Correa abandoned the building in the middle of farewell honors, the new president delivered a speech that repeatedly emphasized the need for respect, tolerance, and dialogue. “I am everybody’s president, I owe everyone, I respect everyone,” he said.
The combination of high levels of political violence with a relative low number of inter-state armed conflicts has been a secular trend of Latin American history. The 2017 Armed Conflict Survey of the London-based International Institute for International Studies (IIIS) confirms the continuity of that historical pattern –which also happens to confirm a global tendency.