Bolivia is a landlocked country in Latin America, whose economic and cultural centers are located in remote, mountainous regions. This geography has posed challenges for economic exchanges for hundreds of years, and Bolivia is one of the poorest, least developed countries in South America. Bolivia’s stagnation in industrialization can in part be explained by the geography hypothesis delineated by Armendáriz and Larraín (2017), which postulates that forces of nature are a root cause of national poverty.
Economy and Development
Historically, Uruguay’s top trading partners have been its two neighboring countries, Brazil and Argentina. As a member of Mercosur, the Southern Cone Common Market, composed of many Latin American nations, the Pacific bordering nation has enjoyed elite trading opportunities between the other Mercosur members (Australian Government).
Thursday October 5th, 2017, Ana Maria Candela of Binghamton University spoke to The University of Pittsburgh’s Center for Asian Studies and Center for Latin American Studies about her research on Chinese immigration to Latin America, and the way that these migrations affect Latin America, East Asia, and the international community.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) has recently released a Technical Report in which Enrique Dussel Peters and Ariel Armony explore the effects that the increasing density of linkages with China is having on the quantity and quality of jobs in Latin American and Caribbean countries (LAC).
The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean has released a briefing paper advancing some of the findings of the 2016 “Social Panorama of Latin America,” focused on social inequality from the perspective of the obstacles it presents for the achievement of the goals set in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Early in the morning of April 1 in the town of Mocoa in southern Colombia, hundreds were killed in a landslide that swept away entire neighborhoods after a nearby river flooded due to unusually heavy rains. Officials say that climate change and deforestation played a role in the disaster, and tie it to other recent landslides in surrounding areas that have caused comparable casualties.